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Тесты

Вопрос 
1
On the electron photomicrograph of the lung’s alveoli a large septal cell is present, in the cytoplasm of this cell there are many mitochondria, well-developed Golgi complex, osmiophilic lamellar bodies. What is the basic function of this cell?





2
A patient was admitted to the hospital with an asphyxia attack provoked by a spasm of smooth muscles of the respiratory tracts. This attack was mainly caused by alterations in the following parts of the airways:





3
Each of the following statements concerning bronchi is true EXCEPT





4
A patient was hospitalized with the attack of suffocation (difficulty in breathing), caused by a spasm of smooth muscles of the respiratory tract. Name the condation portion, which this attack is connected with?





5
On an electronic photomicrograph, it is observed structures, presented as open sacs, lined from inside by a simple epithelium with the respiratory and secretory cells. What are these structures?





6
Which cell is a respiratory macrophage?





7
Each of the following statements concerning the olfactory epithelium is true EXCEPT





8
After an inhalation of a caustic, a destruction of ciliary cells in the bronchi was observed in a worker of the chemical manufacture. What cells will take place in regeneration of this epithelium?





9
Which cell is a also called a septal cell and produces surfactant?





10
Alveolar space of acinus was invaded by bacteria that interacted with the surfactant. This led to the activation of the cells that are localized in the alveolar walls and on the surface. Name these cells:





 
 
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