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Тесты

Вопрос 
1
At the electronic microscopy of kidney the tubules whith cuboidal epithelium were observed. In the epithelium it could be distinguished light and dark cells. There is a few organelles in light cells, cytoplasmic membrane forms folds. These cells provide the reabsorbtion of water from urine into the blood. Dark cells structurally and functionally resemble parietal cells of the stomach. What tubules are presented on electronogram?





2
In an experimental model a damage of epithelial cells of distal parts of nephron was performed. What processes in kidney will suffer?





3
On the electron photomicrograph of a renal glomerus a large epithelial cell is seen having large and small processes. These processes anchor to the basal membrane of capillaries. Indicate this cell:





4
Due to the use of poor-quality measles vaccine for preventive vaccination, a 1-year-old child developed an autoimmune renal injury. The urine was found to contain macromolecular proteins. What process of urine formation was disturbed?





5
Where are podocytes seen?





6
A patient after exogenous intoxication had a threat of development of ascending infection of urinary tract due to the loss of urine acidity. What cells were damaged in kidney?





7
Which of the following is NOT a function of the kidney?





8
What is the most distant part after the nephron where concentration of secondary urine takes place?





9
During a clinical inspection at 35-years-old woman with the disease of kidneys in her urine was found blood cells, fibrinogen, that it is certainly related to damage of kidney filter. What structures does this filter consist of?





10
As a norm at laboratory urinalysis the blood cells does not appear in urine. What structure of nephron prevents passage of blood cells into the primary urine?





 
 
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