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Тесты

Вопрос 
1
On the electron photomicrograph of a renal glomerus a large epithelial cell is seen having large and small processes. These processes anchor to the basal membrane of capillaries. Indicate this cell:





2
In an experimental model a damage of epithelial cells of distal parts of nephron was performed. What processes in kidney will suffer?





3
What are the podocytes with their pedicels?





4
Histologic specimen of a kidney demonstrates cells in the distal convoluted tubule closely adjoined to the renal corpuscle. Their basement membrane is extremely thin. These cells sense the changes in sodium content in urine and influence renin secretion in juxtaglomerular cells. Name these cells:





5
Due to the use of poor-quality measles vaccine for preventive vaccination, a 1-year-old child developed an autoimmune renal injury. The urine was found to contain macromolecular proteins. What process of urine formation was disturbed?





6
A concentrated solution of sodium chloride was intravenously injected to an animal. This caused decreased reabsorption of sodium ions in the renal tubules. It is the result of the following changes of adrenal hormonal secretion:





7
During a clinical inspection at 35-years-old woman with the disease of kidneys in her urine was found blood cells, fibrinogen, that it is certainly related to damage of kidney filter. What structures does this filter consist of?





8
During the experiment in an animal the narrowing of the renal artery permanently increases blood pressure. The function of what cells of kidney does cause this effect?





9
A patient after exogenous intoxication had a threat of development of ascending infection of urinary tract due to the loss of urine acidity. What cells were damaged in kidney?





10
As a norm at laboratory urinalysis the blood cells does not appear in urine. What structure of nephron prevents passage of blood cells into the primary urine?





 
 
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